Humans know the immense relief they can get from a tiny pill like Tylenol or aspirin. So when we see our dogs in pain, we might start to wonder – can you give a dog Tylenol? What about aspirin or other human pain medication?
Medications that are designed for humans – even those available over the counter, like Tylenol – are not great for dog pain management. Your dog’s health is your priority, and you want to keep them safe and comfortable. Here’s what you need to know about why these medications aren’t good for canines, the side effects associated with them, and other ways you can keep your pooch comfortable and relieve their pain.
Aspirin and Tylenol for Dogs
Here’s what you need to know about these common pain relievers and how they impact your dog:
- Aspirin, ibuprofen, and Tylenol are different drugs
- Tylenol should not be given to dogs
- Aspirin (even the kind for babies) should not be given to dogs
The Difference Between Aspirin and Tylenol
The question, “Can you give a dog Tylenol?” often goes hand in hand with other questions about the side effects of aspirin for dogs and aspirin poisoning. Both Tylenol and aspirin can be toxic to dogs, but it’s still important to distinguish between these two very different pain relievers.
Tylenol is a brand of pain medication that is made of acetaminophen. It is used to treat pain and fever in humans but isn’t known to have any effect on inflammation. There are other types of acetaminophen products besides Tylenol.
Aspirin is another common, over-the-counter pain reliever for humans known as an NSAID or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. Ibuprofen and baby aspirin are other common examples of NSAIDs. NSAIDs reduce the production of an enzyme, which in turn reduces the production of lipids called prostaglandins which contribute to pain, inflammation, and fever.
Can You Give a Dog Tylenol?
Tylenol can be toxic to dogs and should not be administered to your pet unless you are directed to do so by a veterinarian, which is unlikely. Tylenol toxicity damages your dog’s liver and kidneys. Acetaminophen is even more toxic for cats, with a single tablet having the potential to cause severe toxicosis in your feline pet.
Can I Give My Dog Aspirin?
No – NSAIDs like aspirin are also not safe for dogs because of the very nature of how they work. Prostaglandins don’t just contribute to pain – they play a few other roles in your dog’s body, such as supporting blood flow, protecting the GI tract, and generating blood clots when needed. Obviously, these are important functions that NSAIDs can interrupt, causing dangerous side effects for your dog.
You might be wondering if baby aspirin would be a good alternative to adult aspirin for your dog because it’s a smaller dose of aspirin. It’s best to avoid NSAIDs altogether, because even baby aspirin works in the same way and may disrupt some of your dog’s natural processes.
Side Effects of Aspirin for Dogs
If your dog accidentally takes some aspirin, here are the side effects they may experience:
- Kidney and liver damage
- Stomach/digestive issues like diarrhea, vomiting, and ulcers
- Bleeding problems
A Dog May Suffer Kidney Damage and Liver Damage From Aspirin
Your dog’s kidneys and liver work hard to keep their blood clean. When NSAIDs disrupt the development of prostaglandins, they can also disrupt the blood flow to these important organs. These organs can suffer damage or dysfunction if you give NSAIDs like aspirin to your dog. Furthermore, if your dog already has kidney disease or liver damage, they will be more susceptible to the toxic side effects of aspirin.
The Gastrointestinal Effects of Aspirin in Dogs
Because prostaglandins also generate the mucus that protects your dog’s gastrointestinal tract, this part of your dog’s body is put at risk when they ingest aspirin. This might manifest as vomiting or diarrhea, often with blood in it. The mucus generated by prostaglandins also protects your dog from gastrointestinal ulcers, which can develop when they are given aspirin.
Your Dog Can Develop Blood Disorders or Bleeding Problems from NSAIDs
Because prostaglandins supports normal blood clotting, your dog can develop blood disorders if they are given NSAIDs. Your dog’s blood needs to clot in order to protect them from losing excessive amounts of blood. If this function is interrupted, they can develop bleeding problems that are very dangerous.
Side Effects of Tylenol for Dogs
Your dog’s body may struggle to process Tylenol because their liver pathways are overwhelmed. When this happens, your dog’s body can’t deactivate a metabolite that’s present in acetaminophen. This metabolite can wreak havoc on your dog’s body, causing side effects like:
- Fast breathing
- Swelling and inflammation
- Changes to gum color
Changes in Your Dog’s Breathing Pattern Can Indicate Tylenol Toxicity
You may notice that your dog starts breathing rapidly or has other changes in their regular breathing pattern if they ingest Tylenol. This is a result of an increased heart rate and can be a very dangerous side effect of acetaminophen.
Tylenol Can Cause Lethargy and Depression in Dogs
If your dog seems particularly fatigued, lethargic, or low, this might be because they have ingested Tylenol or another acetaminophen product. They may seem weak or less motivated to move around, and this can even graduate to more serious symptoms like collapse or coma.
Tylenol May Cause Your Dog’s Face and Paws to Swell
Another symptom of Tylenol toxicity in dogs is swelling of the face, paws, and front limbs. This swelling often occurs a few hours after they’ve ingested the acetaminophen product.
Your Dog’s Gums Might Change Color After Ingesting Tylenol
Gum discoloration can indicate that your dog is experiencing Tylenol toxicity and struggling to metabolize the acetaminophen properly. Your dog’s gums should always be pink and firm – if they turn bluish, brown, or yellow, your dog’s health is at risk.
Other Ways to Reduce Pain and Inflammation in Dogs
If you’re looking for other strategies for dog pain management, there are plenty of ways to support your pet without giving them Tylenol or aspirin. Here are some ways to reduce pain in your canine companion without risking their health:
- Reassess your dog’s exercise schedule
- Consider dog massage
- Supplement your dog’s routine with comfort support
- Consult your veterinarian about canine pain medications
Your Dog’s Exercise Schedule Can Help with Pain Management
Your dog’s physical comfort is directly correlated to their exercise schedule. Every dog’s needs for physical exercise will be different, and these needs will change as they age. The exercise regimen that works for a two-year-old adult dog might not be appropriate when they reach their senior years.
It’s possible that your dog’s pain can be managed by changing their exercise routine. This might mean doing different types of exercise (for example, trading out running for walking) or changing the daily amount of exercise (taking two shorter walks rather than one long one each day). It’s also possible your dog is not getting enough exercise and this is making them stiff and uncomfortable. Talk to your veterinarian to get a clear idea of how to manage your dog’s pain with appropriate movement.
Dog Massage Can Offer Pain Relief for Some Pets
Your dog’s muscles and joints might benefit from some dog massage. Like humans, dogs can experience stiffness and tightness in their ligaments that can be loosened and soothed by rubbing and stretching. Consider implementing some basic dog massage techniques or hiring a professional dog massage therapist to make your pooch more pain-free.
Supplements Might Increase Your Dog’s Physical Comfort
A holistic wellness routine can support your dog’s pain management. Depending on what is causing your dog’s physical discomfort, they might find relief with a variety of supplements made for dogs. Your veterinarian is a great resource and can recommend supplements that might be right for your dog.
Your Veterinarian Can Prescribe Dog-Specific Pain Relievers
While aspirin and Tylenol are not appropriate for canines, there are pain medications made especially for dogs. If you think you need medical intervention for your dog’s pain management, talk to your veterinarian. They might prescribe pain NSAIDs made specifically for dogs, such as meloxicam or carprofen, or even other surgeries and therapies to address your dog’s pain.
Reduce Pain in Your Furry Friend – But Not with Tylenol or Aspirin
So, can you give a dog Tylenol? No, but there are many other methods of dog pain management that can support your pet and keep them healthy and comfortable for years to come.
Always keep human medications out of your dog’s reach, and if you think your pet is experiencing Tylenol toxicity or the side effects of aspirin, contact your veterinarian immediately.