What Is CBD?
Cannabidiol, also known as CBD, is a natural compound found in Cannabis sativa. Recently, CBD has gained popularity as an additive to many products, such as CBD oil. It’s a non-intoxicating substance with a wide range of beneficial properties to promote overall wellness.
CBD works together with the endocannabinoid system (ECS) for there to be any form of effects. The ECS is an essential neural network inside of all mammals, including cats. This physiological system comprises two different receptors:
- Cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1) referred to as CB1, these receptors connect to the central nervous system, which stretches mostly throughout the brain, controlling memory, speech, movement, awareness, and other cognitive functions.
- Cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2) also known as CB2, these receptors attach to the peripheral nervous system that reaches out to skin cells, limbs, various organs, and the immune system.
The ECS becomes active to sustain homeostasis, which is a state of balance or stability of physical and cognitive abilities when responding to irregular bodily changes, either internal or external, that prevent optimum performance.
The CBD contained in both hemp-based products and CBD oil is extracted from particular strains of Cannabis sativa. With the approval of the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, also referred to as the 2018 Farm Bill, the U.S. federal government reclassified marijuana – removing hemp and CBD from its list of Schedule I controlled substances.
Because of the U.S. federal decision, any part of Cannabis sativa with less than 0.3 percent of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) – the psychoactive component in cannabis that causes “high” and euphoric effects – is now classified as industrial hemp. And consumer CBD typically uses hemp strains for extraction.
After the extraction process, the CBD combines with a carrier oil for better consumption by people and cats. CBD oils are available in three distinct types based on other compounds included in the extraction:
- CBD isolate The purest form of CBD available; it contains only CBD as any other cannabinoids and terpenes are further separated after the initial extraction.
- Full-Spectrum CBD Includes a full range of cannabinoids and terpenes along with the CBD, including trace amounts of THC; though the THC isn’t enough to cause any psychoactive effects, prolonged use of full-spectrum CBD could trigger a positive drug test.
- Broad-Spectrum CBD The perfect hybrid between the range of isolates and full-spectrum; broad-spectrum also contains an array of cannabinoids and terpenes, but it excludes any detectable THC molecules from its mixture.