What Is CBD?
Cannabidiol, commonly referred to as CBD, is a chemical compound naturally found in cannabis plants. Over the past few years, CBD has quickly become a popular additive to several products, including CBD oil, which is non-psychoactive and useful for a range of applications because of its potential benefits with overall wellness.
CBD works with the endocannabinoid system (ECS), and only together can CBD have any effect. The ECS is a neurological network found in all mammals – even in dogs too. It’s a bodily system made up of two types of cannabinoid receptors:
- Cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1) attaches to the central nervous system, which controls thoughts, speech, awareness, movements, sensations, and memory.
- Cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2) Binds to the peripheral nervous system, connecting to limbs, skin, and various organs.
The ECS helps maintain the balance of mental and physical capabilities in response to abnormal changes inside and outside the body that disrupt optimum efficiency; this stability refers to homeostasis.
The CBD found in oil tinctures and other CBD-based products come from Cannabis sativa – but not any strain of Cannabis sativa is acceptable. The Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, also known as the 2018 Farm Bill, redefined marijuana to exclude hemp, which removed hemp plants and CBD as controlled substances.
TNew federal regulations classify hemp as any part of Cannabis sativa that contains less than 0.3 percent Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) – the psychoactive chemical in cannabis that causes a “high” and euphoria. And it’s hemp that consumer CBD is typically extracted through various ways.
Once extracted, CBD becomes infused into a carrier oil for easier consumption by humans and dogs. There are three types of CBD oil depending on the inclusion of other compounds:
- CBD isolate The purest form of CBD available; it contains only CBD as any other cannabinoids and terpenes are further separated after the initial extraction.
- Full-Spectrum CBD Includes a full range of cannabinoids and terpenes along with the CBD, including trace amounts of THC; though the THC isn’t enough to cause any psychoactive effects, prolonged use of full-spectrum CBD could trigger a positive drug test.
- Broad-Spectrum CBD The perfect hybrid between the range of isolates and full-spectrum; broad-spectrum also contains an array of cannabinoids and terpenes, but it excludes any detectable THC molecules from its mixture.